This baseline study report carried out in March – April 2017, points out areas in Uganda’s NDCs where improvement in the assets and capabilities of the poor can be made as part of the country’s climate action. It is part of the 1½ year project “Promoting Implementation of the Paris Agreement (PIPA) in East Africa with a focus on pro-poor low emission development” being implemented in Tanzania, Kenya and Uganda in partnership with SustainableEnergy (SE) of Denmark, International Network for Sustainable Energy (INFORSE), Tanzania Traditional Energy Development Organization (TaTEDO), Sustainable Environmental Development Watch Kenya (SusWatch Kenya) and Uganda Coalition for Sustainable Development (UCSD) from January 2017- June 2018.
Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) are essentially the backbone of the Paris Agreement. While securing a deal in Paris was a huge success, the real challenge will be actual progress in tackling climate change, i.e. countries following through on the commitments they made at COP21. This is where NDCs are so important, as they provide an action plan going forward.
Uganda’s mitigation and adaptation actions in the NDC are based on the country’s National Climate Change Policy (NCCP) (2015), which is derived from the Constitution of the Republic of Uganda (1995, as amended in 2005 and 2015) and reflects Uganda Vision 2040 (2012).

This pro-poor analysis from the baseline study provides the current state of play in implementation of Uganda’s NDC and points out areas in Uganda’s NDCs where improvement in the assets and capabilities of the poor can be made as part of the country’s climate action. Specifically the baseline study had the objectives to: assess the current situation of the NDCs LEDs and Climate Finance programme areas, in relation to their rights and entitlements as enshrined in national and international legal and policy instruments; Assess the capacity of implementing local NGO partners in relation to implementation of NDCs, LEDS and Climate Finance in Uganda; Map similar/relevant initiatives of different stakeholders in working area in terms of policies, practices and actions and mechanism of coordination between key implementing partners. 

The report is based on a combination of a desk review and interviews with Uganda key informants in the climate change sector. The selection of interviewees and participants from relevant ministries, departments and Agencies was on a sampling basis in order to fill the identified gaps in the literature regarding NDCs, LEDS and Climate financing.
According to Uganda’s NDC document, the livelihoods of Ugandans are highly dependent on the exploitation of her natural resources, including climate. In submitting this NDC, Uganda’s priority is adaptation. The country will continue to work on reducing vulnerability and addressing adaptation in agriculture and livestock, forestry, infrastructure (with an emphasis on human settlements, social infrastructure and transport), water, energy, health and disaster risk management. Sustainable Land Management (SLM) and Climate Smart Agriculture (CSA) will be scaled up to increase resilience at the grassroots level.